Prof. Chunwei Yang
College of Environmental Science & Engineering, Jilin Normal University
Research Area: waste water treatment; advanced oxidation; photocatalysis
Speech Title：Insight of Wastewater Treatment Technologies Under The Background of Carbon Neutrality
Abstract: In September 22 2020, President XI Jiping announced China will achieve carbon neutrality by the year of 2060 on the general debate of the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly. It is a great challenge to China, and it also needs green revolutions in every corner of China. Although, the sewage treatment plants are important to the environmental protection and human health, it also has huge carbon emission just like other industrial enterprise because the huge energy consumption, utilizes energy to degrade organic pollutants into greenhouse gas. Moreover, organic pollutants could be a potential power source if they could be recycled by some novel and suitable technologies. Therefore, further consideration on the wastewater treatment technology under the background of carbon neutrality was concerned. Low power sewage treatment technologies, energy recovery technologies and the carbon fixation technologies which are suitable for China were discussed. Furthermore, environmental management tools and plans also were analyzed. The strengthening environmental management, development novel green sewage treatment technologies and the multiple methods coupling could be solutions.
Prof. Mohammadjafar Kermani
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
Research Area: Compressible Flow; PEM Fuel Cells; Steam Nozzles and Steam Turbines
Speech Title：Applications of fuel cell technology for vehicles and combined heat and power; an approach towards greenhouse gas-neutrality
Abstract: The content of presentation will have two folds, where both folds will be focusing on fuel cell technology, as a newly revisited energy technology. Fuel cell technologies could play a crucial role in a climate-friendly and greenhouse gas-neutrality. Fuel cells, as a non-polluting source of energy, directly converts the chemical energy stored in fuels into electricity + heat. With electricity as the primary utilization goal, vehicles are sought first. On the other, for the electricity + heat application, combined heat and power (CHP) is considered. Nonetheless, other applications of fuel cells are also unforgettable.
In the first fold of the present presentation, motivations, and “why” fuel cells as unique source for electrification of vehicles, along with battery will be discussed. Here, battery +/- fuel cell technology, as the fairly reasonable alternative to “say goodbye” to the existing reciprocating internal combustion engines, would be discussed. Another application of fuel cells, combined heat and power (CHP) would also be addressed here. The advantages and disadvantages of fuel cell technology will be compared with some of the other renewable sources of energies such as solar, wind, and geothermal etc.
In the second fold, a few “at the edge of science” examples of the recent achievements of MJ Kermani colleagues in Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic); and Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of Chinese Academy of Sciences will be discussed.
Assoc. Prof. Miraj Ahmed Bhuiyan
Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, China
Research Area: Sustainable Tourism, Green Economy; Integrated tourism sector for south eastern Asian countries
Speech Title：Does circular economy will speed up the economic reform? Evidence from developing economies
Abstract: Circular economy, a different economic concept than traditional liner economy first introduced my architect William McDonough on 2014-15. General idea of this concept is improving the quality of environment, business and society in a frame. It rather a difficult concept to achieve; for poor economies and developing its even harder. There is huge investment, technological support and skillful manpower is needed for this. Should the developing economies aim to transform to circular economies or rather follow the traditional economy to survive? What are the risks involved?
Dr. Miaoqiang Dai
Sichuan Energy Internet Research Institute, Tsinghua University, China
Research Area: Industrial Innovation and Development
Speech Title：Understanding Energy Economy under the Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality Goals: Case Study of China’s PV Industry
Abstract: In September 22, 2020, President Xi announced that “China will adopt more effective policies and measures to strive for peaking its Carbon Dioxide emission before 2030, and Carbon Neutrality before 2060” on 75th UN General Assembly and latter in December 12, further announced that “by 2030, China's CO2 Emission per Unit of GDP will decrease by more than 65% as to the level of 2005, Non-fossil Energy will take about 25% of primary energy source and total installed capacity of wind power and solar power will reach 1.2 billion KW” on the Climate Ambition Summit. The Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality Goals have been officially set as a systematic socio-economic change that covers widely and impacts deeply. Industries in the energy transition and carbon neutrality process will see unprecedented potential of development in the next decades while the understanding of how industries rise from infancy is largely lagged. There is an urgent need for a framework of analyzing the development of rising industries under the 3060 Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality Goals and the PV industry in China could be a good starting point as a case study.
From almost zero to leading the industry globally, Chinese PV industry told a good story of industry development in the last three decades. Now the Chinese PV industry have already developed overall capacity and industrial advantage in each link of the industrial chain ranging from Silicon materials, technology and know-how, manufacturing and market application and it has become the first Chinese high-tech industry that leads the global market in a comprehensive and profound manner. In Mid-term and Long-term Development Planning of Renewable Energies issued by the National Committee of Reform and Development (NCRD) in 2007, goal of solar power installed capacity in 2020 was set at 1.8 million KW while the actual number turned out to be 253 GW1, more than 140 hundred times of the preset goal. Thanks to the 3060 carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goal, China will still keep an averaged annual growth of more than 67GW in installed solar power capacity in the next 5 years.
By understanding the pathway the Chinese PV industry went through, this research is devoted to locate key factors that drive the development of rising industries under the background of “2030 Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality Goal” and thus explore directions of industrial policies that promotes the development of rising industries and also business strategies of enterprises in the new energy industry.